Open J Psychiatry Allied Sci. 2024 Feb 21. Epub ahead of print.

Role of resilience in relationship between functional and dysfunctional negative emotions and wellbeing in individuals with obsessive-compulsive disorder.

Dixit S, Sharma M.


Background: Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a challenging mental health condition marked by intrusive thoughts and repetitive behaviours. Understanding the emotional experiences of individuals with OCD, as well as the role of resilience, is crucial for developing effective therapeutic interventions. This study investigates the association between resilience, functional and dysfunctional negative emotions, and psychological wellbeing in 150 individuals with OCD. Method: The study sample comprised 150 individuals, primarily male (77%), with diverse educational backgrounds. Functional negative emotions were reported by 47.33% of participants, dysfunctional negative emotions by 40.6%, and both by 12%. Statistical analyses, including correlations and moderation tests, were conducted to explore the relationships among these variables. Results: Significant correlations were found between resilience and both functional and dysfunctional negative emotions (p<0.01, 2-tailed). Additionally, a significant positive relationship existed between resilience and psychological wellbeing. Notably, resilience was observed to moderate the link between functional negative emotions and wellbeing. However, it did not significantly impact the relationships between dysfunctional negative emotions or the co-occurrence of both types and psychological wellbeing. Conclusion: This study underscores the importance of resilience in individuals with OCD, shedding light on its influence on emotional experiences and overall wellbeing. Specifically, individuals with higher resilience displayed better psychological wellbeing, particularly when facing functional negative emotions. These findings contribute to our comprehension of emotions in OCD and have potential implications for the development of targeted therapeutic strategies aimed at enhancing treatment outcomes. Overall, the study emphasises the need to consider resilience as a valuable factor in the emotional dynamics of OCD.


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