Open J Psychiatry Allied Sci. 2016;7:31-5. doi: 10.5958/2394-2061.2016.00007.0. Epub 2015 Oct 24.

Psychiatric morbidity, quality of life, and perceived social support among elderly population: a community-based study.

Kwan P, Ali A, Deuri SP.


Background: The growth in the elderly population means an inevitable increase in general physical health, psychobiological and mental health-related problems.

Aim of the study: The present study aims to examine psychiatric morbidity, quality of life, and perceived social support among elderly population.

Research design: A cross-sectional community-based study was conducted. People in age group of 60 years and above, who were permanent members of their respective households of RangaPukri Para and Dekargaon village in Tezpur, Sonitpur district of Assam, were the sample for the present study. One thousand four hundred and ninety adult populations had been identified as sample frame from the electorate list. One hundred and four people of age 60 years and above had been identified from the list for the study purpose. Random sampling method was used for selection of the sample. Semi-structured socio-demographic datasheet, General Health Questionnaire-12 (GHQ-12), CAGE questionnaire, Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support, and World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHOQOL-BREF) scale were administered to the respondents.

Results: Based on the GHQ-12 score, it was found that 24% of the respondents showed an indication of mental health problems and from the CAGE score, it indicated that 13% of the respondents were found to be misusing or was in dependence in alcohol. The result from the present study indicated that elderly population was getting more family social support, followed by friends and from significant others. The result indicated that the mean score was low in the domain of social relationships. Environment domain was high followed by physical health and psychological domains of WHOQOL-BREF.

Conclusion: In the elderly population, overall health can be influenced by multiple factors, including a person’s physical, psychological, behavioural, and social factors. The mental health professionals can provide resources, services, and opportunities for the elderly population and their families.


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